Posted in Study Material, Uncategorized

AILET’17: The Expert Analysis

AILET aspirants across the nation felt the same about yesterday’s paper. “It was too lengthy.” said one AILET aspirant coming out of her AILET centre, here at NLSIU, Bangalore. Overall, the paper was of a moderate-difficult difficulty level according to our analysis, with the logical reasoning section playing a major role in enhancing its difficulty level. An overall cutoff of 93-97 is expected to get aspirants into the NLU standing tall in the nation’s capital. Let us analyse the paper in detail now. Continue reading “AILET’17: The Expert Analysis”

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Posted in Mock Tests

Mock Tests: Know How (Part 1)

CLAT Mentorship Programme and Mock Test SeriesWhen was the last time you felt like taking a mock test? Sometimes you just don’t feel like giving any. You tend to ask existential questions, why is life doing this to me? In which hellish moment did I pick law? And even if I did, why do these people want me to take a test? I am not prepared at all. I haven’t read January Current Affairs or haven’t practiced blood relations. I am so dead. I won’t make it to a good law school now. Trust me, it’s completely natural.

This is part of what happens during any CLAT prep and you are no anomaly to it. Now, I will explain to you, why this fear is fake and not relevant. Being at law school, I’ll give you the reasonable man’s test. Try and think of any mock test which you happened to be satisfied with either in your preparation or your performance and did not think of getting that 1 or 2 marks more after you saw the result. Can’t think of any? Because there’s no such thing. Even the guy who has been the rank 1 at your coaching center for ages won’t be content. Trust me, even I wasn’t. There’s always this one nagging question that couldn’t be solved and if there’s a friend who did it right while you couldn’t do so, it’s even more problematic.

When this gets stuck in your mind all that it leads to is unnecessary stress. Stress isn’t good for your health or your marks. It translates into bad time management or ends up messing with one section or other which at times can cost you the whole mock test, forget the actual exam, where you are already at peak stress level. What now? Leave alone the prep you couldn’t do, you wasted the prep you did as well. So what do you do?

There’s this economics professor at NLS who told me something that stuck in my mind -“Just do it Ashim, do it.” Exactly what you guys got to do. You will never be satisfied with whatever your preparation is. So just write it and let it be. Treat yourself if you think you scored even marginally better than your last mock. Work towards rectifying your errors and not losing out on any opportunity to grow and be better. Every mock is a milestone towards making your prep finer and better. It is the stepping stone to a better law school and a better life. Never avoid them, cadet, never.

Ashim Gupta

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Posted in Get Inspired, Motivation

CLATathon

So I was asked by these wacky friends of mine to write something to inspire young kids to take up CLAT sans all the scary nightmares. So here it goes my pals. Somewhere in this write up I have hidden the magic recipe to crack CLAT. Firstly let’s start with how to tackle the highly unpredictable, hell of an exam called CLAT. The answer is a quote from somewhere in the internet. “Do not just practice until you get it right, practice until you cannot get it wrong.” Yes, be prepared! Remember that the exam is an experience of bureaucratic slack, and do not stick only to mocks of one coaching centre. Read books from varied sources. Be ready for anything they are scheming to throw at you.

CLAT is an easy exam and to crack it all you need is a plan. If you fail to plan you plan to fail. Complete the basics and start to practice. Beginning with GK I would kill the person who sits with some random UPSC book. Come on folks, it’s CLAT! All you need to do is get a decent static GK book, finish it and you are done. For current affairs get a few good current affairs magazines, read (good) newspapers and subscribe to a good weekly magazine! Same goes for maths. Its CLAT, not CAT. I would hence suggest you to first get the exam right. Finish the basic topics in maths and practice until you lose the phobia of it and here you have 20 marks in your pocket. For English you need not be a son of a British. All you need to do is first get your grammar right-not for CLAT but for life. Same goes for vocabulary. Intimidate your friends by using sassy words in your life. Logic, whoa! If you claim to be bad at it you are insulting yourself. Okay, the only way to improve your reasoning is practice (huh! cliché again?). I know people who practice the same stuff all the time. Logical Reasoning in CLAT is not comprised of only syllogism and coding decoding. Practice a range of different problems. Remember that logic in CLAT has verbal and nonverbal components and practice for both. Practice some past LSAT papers and your verbal reasoning is done. And finally LEGAL! You have five years of law ahead, do not over dose. Go slow, memorize some rules (principles) and  practice, practice and practice.

PS: Do not panic. We all have been through it. In the end, it is this that makes NLS worth being in.

All the Best.

Avinash V Rao

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Posted in Get Inspired, Motivation

Life Apart From CLAT

Abhiroop Saha explains why it is important to have a Life Apart From CLAT!

Interactions with a couple of my batch mates and current CLAT aspirants have been the inspiration behind this article. The main problem juniors face during preparation is that of managing both CLAT and Boards. Several articles give tips on how to balance both. Sadly, what is lost in between is time for doing things one enjoys. People leave sports, music and other such leisurely activities all for the sake of CLAT. One of my batch mates, once a national level football player stopped playing because of the dual problem of CLAT and boards. The same happened to another batch mate of mine, a classical guitarist who has hardly played in the last two years.

Many of you might think that you will reclaim your hobbies once you end up in college and that you would be better off focusing on cracking CLAT at the moment. The former is a massive delusional bubble that will burst the moment you start getting to know what college is all about. I’ll be very honest and break it to you right now. College does not give a damn about your extra-curricular activities. It places you in a choke hold and leaves you with time only for projects, studies and the odd you-tube video.

Secondly, cracking CLAT and carrying forward extra-curricular activities need not be mutually exclusive. In my opinion, the best thing about CLAT is that it is easy, at least in comparison to IIT JEE or the numerous medical entrances. You don’t need to spend nine-ten hours a day to crack CLAT, unlike the JEE. Most of the exam is general and GK can be managed with some diligent old school by-hearting. The competition level is also much lesser than that of the entrance examinations in other professions. It can be easily cleared with 4 hours of dedicated work every-day apart from giving mocks and attending classes (lesser in certain cases). Even if you feel you require a greater amount of effort, it is all right. The point being made here is CLAT is not a good enough reason to forgo the things you love doing. You can easily put in one-two hours of football practice, or drums, or just adda in general and still do exceedingly well in CLAT, like I have done (real humble, I am).

You need to realize that your life is not defined by a good CLAT rank (or lack, thereof). A good rank and a good college feel amazing but it is really not worth it, if it comes at the cost of losing yourself by virtue of losing the things you love doing. College is going to be harder than anything you’ve faced before and it will try to mess around with your life greatly. The least you can do is not give up before you have even gotten here. After reading this, I hope you put on your football boots or re-install FIFA 16, or just get to doing whatever you want to, whatever makes you feel alive. Do not let CLAT or boards (or the two combined) get the better of you. Take these things in your stride. Take them seriously, but never so much that they dictate your life. The next time you make a time table or the next time you think of balancing time, remember to keep aside sufficient time for things you like. Enjoy the last few months you have before college because once it starts, carrying forward your hobbies might not be your independent choice any more. I reiterate this once again: CLAT is not a good enough reason to forgo the things you love doing.

If you find this article extremely pretentious, you are right on track.

P.S- While I might have painted a sorry-nerdy figure of the two guys in the first paragraph, they are actually pretty cool and you’ll find that out if you end up in NLS.

P.P.S- Get back to your damn Competition Success Review.

Abhiroop Saha

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Posted in English, Study Material

Taming the Shrew: Attempting Reading Comprehension

In this article, Akash Deep Singh explains how to attempt reading comprehensions

One of the most common fear of most CLAT aspirants is the Reading-Comprehension(RC) question present in the paper. The innate resistance to this particular type of question is so large that many of you refuse to even attempt it. The usual laments being it takes too long to complete it, it’s highly subjective in nature and hence, it’s not worth the time or effort. You neglect it till the end and try to complete it in whatever time is left. This is a cardinal error that must be avoided at all costs. CLAT always has an RC question. It might be worth anything from 5-10 marks. And you cannot afford to neglect it.

Another common complaint which I have come across is it’s become difficult to attempt RC as its online now (for all we know, it might not stay so anymore but that’s not up to you). Test-takers not being able to mark the important portions of the passage anymore is a common problem. What needs to be remembered is that this is true for everyone. Being able to mark the important portions was just a helpful tool. The most important thing then and even now is to understand the underlying idea of the passage.

CLAT has never given hard RCs. The ideal time in which an RC question should be completed is 7-8 minutes. To do this, it is near-essential that you have a fast reading speed. We have already published an article on that. Please follow the suggestions given there as they will help you immeasurably not only in RC or English but through the whole paper.

Different people have different ways to attempt and ace this question. It’s up to you to practice them all out and find the sweet spot. You can employ the method I’ve given below or some modification of the same as per your convenience. So here goes:

 Take a minute to read the first few lines of each para in the passage to understand the gist of it. You will need to completely read the first para and also the concluding lines of the passage. Now read the questions, not the options, only the questions. This will give you an idea of what you are looking for in the passage. If there are too many questions, then only read the first few. Otherwise there’s a chance you might get muddled up. Go back to the passage and take 3-4 minutes to read it completely. You must have gotten the gist of it by now. This is when start attempting the questions. If you were not able to read all of the questions, you can now attempt them as you have already read the passage. You will have to refer to the passage again and again but if you have gotten the gist of it, then this back and forth becomes negligible. Another way to go about it is to first read the questions and then the passage. This gives you a hint of what you need to be on the lookout for.

Please bear in mind that none of the suggestions given above might suit you. But you can only find this out by attempting as many RC questions as possible and trying out the above strategy (or any other you may have stumbled upon in the course of your preparation) to figure out what best suits you.

-Akash Deep Singh

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Posted in Mathematics, Study Material

Averages: A Complete Guide

Averages is an extremely important section for CLAT. Most of you have already completed this topic as it is one of the easiest topics in Maths. However, there still might be some people who have not done it. I expect this article to be useful for both the groups.

Almost every one of us is quite familiar with this primary class formula for determining Average, i.e. Sum of quantities / Number of quantities. But to use this formula you need a pen and a paper. Jotting down the numbers given in the question and then trying to solve them will unnecessarily take up your time. Therefore, in this article, I’ll try to explain how to solve most of the questions related to averages asked in CLAT (there still will be some questions which will require a pen and a paper) without using pen and paper or the above-given formula and save your ‘precious’ time. So, let us start:

While solving questions on averages, keep one thing in mind, i.e. assume the average of quantities as quantities in possession of equal points. For example, if it is given that average of 10 quantities is 15, assume that there are 10 people/things each having 15 points in its possession. Now, let us move forward by solving some examples –

Q.1. A batsman scores of 87 runs in the 17th match and thus increases his average by 3. Find his average after 17th match.

Sol. As mentioned earlier, assume 17 matches as seventeen people with equal runs, i.e. average. Now, by scoring 87 runs in 17th match, he increased his average by 3. So, 3 runs flow from the 17th person to all other 16 persons, i.e. a total of 16*3=48 runs from 17th person to other persons. Now, 17th person has 87-48=39 runs which is the average.

 

Q.2. Average weight of 10 people increased by 1.5 kg when one person of 45 kg is replaced by a new man. What is the weight of this new man?

Sol. One thing is clear from the question that the weight of the new person is more than 45 kg as his entry increases the average weight. Also, if the average, i.e. equal points of every person, increases it must flow from the new person. Now,the total extra weight that this man has brought with him is 1.5*10=15 kg. So,the weight of this new person is 15+45 = 60 kg.

 

Q.3. Average of five numbers is 27. If one number is excluded the average becomes 25. Find the excluded number.

Sol. Since exclusion of one number leads to a reduction in average, the number must be greater than the average, i.e. 27. Extra quantity this number takes away with it is 2 from each of the remaining four numbers as the average after exclusion is 25. So, total extra quantity taken away is 2*4=8. Hence, the number which was excluded is 8+27 = 35.

 

Q.4. Average of 10 matches is 32. How many runs should one score to increase his average by 4 runs?

Sol. To increase the average by 4, i.e. to make it 36, one should score (36 + 4*10) = 76 runs. Here, by scoring 76 runs in 11th match, one can give away 4 each to each of 10 other matches thereby increasing the average of 10 other matches to 36 and keeping 76-40= 36 for the 11th match.

 

Q.5. The average age of the mother and her six children is 12 years which is reduced by 5 years if the age of the mother is excluded. How old is the mother?

Sol. Before mother’s exclusion, the average age is 12 years. Mother’s exclusion takes away 5*6=30 years from the children. So, the age of the mother is 12+30= 42 years.

 

CLAT questions are generally similar to the above-given examples which can be quite easily solved without using any formula or pen-paper. Other types of questions, where you will be given numbers and asked to compute the average, it can be done by using the formula –

Sum of Quantities / Number of Quantities

For natural numbers, the average of n natural numbers is given by: (n+1)/2. (As sum of n natural numbers is n (n+1)/2).

Anil Bhadu

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Posted in English, Study Material

Cracking The Vocabulary Section

Vocabulary is a nightmare for most people as the English language seems to have an infinitely large number of words and seems to throw new ones at you every now and then. So, in this small write-up, I have attempted to give you a few tips which would help you ace the vocabulary section.

First and foremost, you should buy a decent book on English vocabulary and start going through it at the rate of about three pages a day. Yes, it might seem a bit intimidating at first, but you have to sweat it out. Underline the words that you didn’t know existed and try and use them in your day-to-day conversations in the right context. By the end of the month you should have ideally completed the book, and believe me you will start making more sense of the literary world around you, you will understand more of what the erudite journalist in “The Hindu” is trying to express and the world will seem so much better. Continue reading “Cracking The Vocabulary Section”

Posted in CLAT Mock Test Series, Mock Tests

A Mock a Day Keeps Fear at Bay? NOT!

Akash Deep Singh (AILET AIR 1) explains the enigma of Post-Mock Analysis

I am quite sure all of you would have heard this innumerable times from an uncountable number of people (exaggeration is not always a bad idea :P) that giving mocks is the best way to practice for CLAT. LawKey itself has been telling you the same thing. If I haven’t made it clear already, I am also a part of the same bandwagon and believe that mocks are the best practice you can get. Most of you have taken this advice seriously and are giving one mock a day. A mock a day is easy to manage and it leaves you with enough time to keep on working on your weaker subjects. But, please bear in mind you can cut down to 4-5 mocks a week, if it gets exhausting for you. Your mind needs to be fresh before you attempt any mock, otherwise it’s of no use. If you are still in class 12th and worried about not being able to practice mocks. STOP. Boards are the most important thing in your life right now and you have to pay complete attention to them. You can get back to CLAT when boards end, people at NLS and other NLUs have managed to crack CLAT while studying in 12th, you can do it too! You have been preparing for CLAT and as earlier articles on the page have already said believe in that preparation. This is true for any CLAT 2016 aspirant.

But as you have already noticed, this article isn’t (solely!) about keeping you guys motivated or exhorting you to do more mocks. It is about what to do after you have given a mock. Trust me, and more importantly my experience, when I say that analysis is more important than increasing the number of mocks you have attempted. A person who has practiced only 3-4 mocks a week but has analysed them to gauge his strength and weaknesses and has used the time available to him to work on them, has a much better chance of getting in than someone who gave 3 mocks a day but didn’t stop to analyse them.

It is after you have finished your mock when the real work starts. Mock analysis proceeds at two levels. The immediate one happens just after you have given the mock, which you should ideally do on the same day or the next day. The second approach is to be done with a homogenized set of mocks, by which I am referring to test series released by one single institute, and then analyze it in entirety. I will come back to the second approach later.

The immediate analysis entails looking at every question that you were not able to attempt or those questions you got wrong. Plan how you are going to address each one of them over the next few days. Analyse how much time you took per question. Is there a particular section that you are giving too much time to? Work on setting a time limit for each section and try to adhere to this time limit. Pay particular attention to the time taken by you on incorrect questions. Did you genuinely believe you could solve that question or were you stubborn enough to not move on? These are some of the things that you have to keep in mind while analysing your mocks.

The second approach, and I urge you to follow this at all costs, is to be done with a homogenized set of mocks. Coaching institutes who release these mocks provide you with an answer key unlike myriad other mocks that you will practice. This is an additional reason why the second approach to analyse your mocks must be followed. Also as it is online, you can observe the time taken by you in different questions. Most of the mocks in a test series are of the same level. The difficulty level sometimes goes up or down but that’s also to prepare you better. It’s CLAT, anything can happen. Take 3-4 of your past mocks and go through each of them section wise. You will notice that you are getting a certain type of question wrong again and again. Today’s the day when you will practice them till you get them right. Then move on to the questions which you were able to answer correctly. How much time did you take in them? Learn the tips and tricks to reduce this time. You are going through the paper to recognize the patterns present in your mocks and believe me, they are there. A particular type of question that you are always getting wrong, questions which you spend a lot of time on but do get it right, eventually.

Also you will have tried out different strategies in these mocks and this is an opportunity to check which one suits you. Use the most beneficial one in the next mock. It might not be the perfect one for you but you have time till March end to discover your perfect strategy. After that you have more or less decided on your approach and now you are working on fine-tuning it.

In the end I would like to reiterate, practicing a mock is doing half the job. Until you analyse your mocks, you are getting no benefit out of practicing so many mocks.

All the best.

Akash Deep Singh

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Posted in Logic, Study Material

Blood Relations Decoded

In this article, a student of NLSIU shares his tried and tested method to crack Blood Relations.

Blood relation questions are the easiest to crack and it is imperative to not only attempt these questions in the competitive examinations but also get them correct. You can’t afford to lose marks in these questions. The reason for this is quite simple, you can be sure of your answer unlike the critical reasoning questions which are quite subjective in nature. In critical reasoning questions, many times it may seem to you that two choices are equally relevant. Sometimes even more than 2 options may seem so! I assure you, you won’t face the same problem with blood relations.

The correct way to go about blood relation questions is to draw a family tree and use some standard signs and practice them over and over. The target is to become so proficient that as soon as you see these relations you can visualize the signs. In order to make your work easier, I will be listing down certain signs which are standard and you can use them while making the family tree. (You may choose to use different signs according to your own convenience).

Listed below are the signs that should preferably be used, remembered and further practiced to save time:

img1

Generally, in CLAT, blood relations problems would involve up to three generations and not more than that. The first and the foremost thing to understand is to place the 3rd generation i.e. grandparents at the top, below that comes the second generation i.e. parents, maternal aunt and uncle, paternal aunt and uncle, brother/sister in laws. Below that comes the first generation i.e. grandson/granddaughter.

To illustrate further:

img2

If we concentrate on these relations, then all other relations can be fit in some way or the other. Say for instance Arjun is the nephew of Kabir, and and it is given that Kabir is the only brother of Aditya, then instead of of being confused about what sign should be used to illustrate the relation between Arjun and Kabir, simply illustrate the relation between Kabir and Aditya and then represent the relation between Aditya and Arjun as has been done below:

img3

An important point to remember, never ever make assumptions about the gender of a person until and unless it is specifically mentioned. For example, if it is given that Karan is the grandparent of Simran, it does not mean that Karan is a male or Simran a female. It can be the other way round as well. You have to look for hints. It is recommended that you should look for pronouns if nothing has been specifically mentioned about the gender of that person. Look whether ‘he’ or ‘she’ has been used and then you can be sure about it. Also it is strongly recommended that you should indicate the gender in a bracket in the family tree itself as has been illustrated above.

Some important relations are provided below. You should remember these relations to solve blood relation problems. Assume every relation given below for a hypothetical X. For e.g. X’s mother’s (or) father’s son- X’s brother:

Mother’s (or) father’s son – Brother

Mother’s (or) Father’s Daughter – Sister

Mother’s brother – Maternal Uncle

Father’s Brother – Paternal uncle

Mother’s (or) Father’s sister – Aunt

Mother’s (or) Father’s father – Grandfather

Mother’s (or) Father’s mother – Grandmother

Son’s wife – Daughter in law

Daughter’s husband – Son in law

Husband’s (or) Wife’s father – Father in law

Husband’s (or) Wife’s mother – Mother in law

Husband’s (or) Wife’s brother – Brother in law

Husband’s (or) Wife’s sister – Sister in law

Sister’s husband – Brother in law

Brother’s (or) Sister’s son – Nephew

Brother’s (or) Sister’s daughter – Niece

Illustrated below are two questions that would further teach you how to draw an appropriate family tree:

1. Pointing to a lady, Rajan said, “She is the daughter of the woman who is the mother of the husband of my mother.” How is the lady related to Rajan?

img4

2. Pointing towards a person in a photograph, Anjali said “He is the only son of the father of my sister’s brother.” How is that person related to Anjali?

img5

Also it is strongly recommended that you use a pencil so that you can make changes to questions which involve multiple parts.

So, practice diligently and intelligently, and get ready to ace this topic in CLAT. ALL THE BEST!

We have similar posts for other sections as well. Follow us and ensure that you do not miss a single post. Like our Facebook Page as well and help us grow. If you have any specific doubts, message us on Facebook or write to us at lawkeyforclat@gmail.com