Posted in English, Free Stuff, Free Take Aways, Study Material, Uncategorized

Weekly Quiz: English 01

The subject of the week was English. An English Quiz has been posted this Sunday. You can attempt the same here. The results of the quiz shall be released on Monday. The quiz consists of 10 questions from the topic Synonyms, Antonyms, Foreign Words, Idioms and Phrases.

Click here. to attempt the quiz.

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Posted in Get Inspired, Motivation

CLATathon

So I was asked by these wacky friends of mine to write something to inspire young kids to take up CLAT sans all the scary nightmares. So here it goes my pals. Somewhere in this write up I have hidden the magic recipe to crack CLAT. Firstly let’s start with how to tackle the highly unpredictable, hell of an exam called CLAT. The answer is a quote from somewhere in the internet. “Do not just practice until you get it right, practice until you cannot get it wrong.” Yes, be prepared! Remember that the exam is an experience of bureaucratic slack, and do not stick only to mocks of one coaching centre. Read books from varied sources. Be ready for anything they are scheming to throw at you.

CLAT is an easy exam and to crack it all you need is a plan. If you fail to plan you plan to fail. Complete the basics and start to practice. Beginning with GK I would kill the person who sits with some random UPSC book. Come on folks, it’s CLAT! All you need to do is get a decent static GK book, finish it and you are done. For current affairs get a few good current affairs magazines, read (good) newspapers and subscribe to a good weekly magazine! Same goes for maths. Its CLAT, not CAT. I would hence suggest you to first get the exam right. Finish the basic topics in maths and practice until you lose the phobia of it and here you have 20 marks in your pocket. For English you need not be a son of a British. All you need to do is first get your grammar right-not for CLAT but for life. Same goes for vocabulary. Intimidate your friends by using sassy words in your life. Logic, whoa! If you claim to be bad at it you are insulting yourself. Okay, the only way to improve your reasoning is practice (huh! cliché again?). I know people who practice the same stuff all the time. Logical Reasoning in CLAT is not comprised of only syllogism and coding decoding. Practice a range of different problems. Remember that logic in CLAT has verbal and nonverbal components and practice for both. Practice some past LSAT papers and your verbal reasoning is done. And finally LEGAL! You have five years of law ahead, do not over dose. Go slow, memorize some rules (principles) and  practice, practice and practice.

PS: Do not panic. We all have been through it. In the end, it is this that makes NLS worth being in.

All the Best.

Avinash V Rao

Follow us and ensure that you do not miss a single post. Like our Facebook Page as well and help us grow. If you have any specific doubts, message us on Facebook or write to us at lawkeyforclat@gmail.com. To ace your CLAT prep and increase your chances of getting into the top 3 NLUs, click here.

Posted in Mathematics, Study Material

Averages: A Complete Guide

Averages is an extremely important section for CLAT. Most of you have already completed this topic as it is one of the easiest topics in Maths. However, there still might be some people who have not done it. I expect this article to be useful for both the groups.

Almost every one of us is quite familiar with this primary class formula for determining Average, i.e. Sum of quantities / Number of quantities. But to use this formula you need a pen and a paper. Jotting down the numbers given in the question and then trying to solve them will unnecessarily take up your time. Therefore, in this article, I’ll try to explain how to solve most of the questions related to averages asked in CLAT (there still will be some questions which will require a pen and a paper) without using pen and paper or the above-given formula and save your ‘precious’ time. So, let us start:

While solving questions on averages, keep one thing in mind, i.e. assume the average of quantities as quantities in possession of equal points. For example, if it is given that average of 10 quantities is 15, assume that there are 10 people/things each having 15 points in its possession. Now, let us move forward by solving some examples –

Q.1. A batsman scores of 87 runs in the 17th match and thus increases his average by 3. Find his average after 17th match.

Sol. As mentioned earlier, assume 17 matches as seventeen people with equal runs, i.e. average. Now, by scoring 87 runs in 17th match, he increased his average by 3. So, 3 runs flow from the 17th person to all other 16 persons, i.e. a total of 16*3=48 runs from 17th person to other persons. Now, 17th person has 87-48=39 runs which is the average.

 

Q.2. Average weight of 10 people increased by 1.5 kg when one person of 45 kg is replaced by a new man. What is the weight of this new man?

Sol. One thing is clear from the question that the weight of the new person is more than 45 kg as his entry increases the average weight. Also, if the average, i.e. equal points of every person, increases it must flow from the new person. Now,the total extra weight that this man has brought with him is 1.5*10=15 kg. So,the weight of this new person is 15+45 = 60 kg.

 

Q.3. Average of five numbers is 27. If one number is excluded the average becomes 25. Find the excluded number.

Sol. Since exclusion of one number leads to a reduction in average, the number must be greater than the average, i.e. 27. Extra quantity this number takes away with it is 2 from each of the remaining four numbers as the average after exclusion is 25. So, total extra quantity taken away is 2*4=8. Hence, the number which was excluded is 8+27 = 35.

 

Q.4. Average of 10 matches is 32. How many runs should one score to increase his average by 4 runs?

Sol. To increase the average by 4, i.e. to make it 36, one should score (36 + 4*10) = 76 runs. Here, by scoring 76 runs in 11th match, one can give away 4 each to each of 10 other matches thereby increasing the average of 10 other matches to 36 and keeping 76-40= 36 for the 11th match.

 

Q.5. The average age of the mother and her six children is 12 years which is reduced by 5 years if the age of the mother is excluded. How old is the mother?

Sol. Before mother’s exclusion, the average age is 12 years. Mother’s exclusion takes away 5*6=30 years from the children. So, the age of the mother is 12+30= 42 years.

 

CLAT questions are generally similar to the above-given examples which can be quite easily solved without using any formula or pen-paper. Other types of questions, where you will be given numbers and asked to compute the average, it can be done by using the formula –

Sum of Quantities / Number of Quantities

For natural numbers, the average of n natural numbers is given by: (n+1)/2. (As sum of n natural numbers is n (n+1)/2).

Anil Bhadu

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Posted in Legal Aptitude, Study Material

Legal Aptitude: All You Need To Know

Legal Aptitude section in CLAT, AILET or for that matter any law entrance exam (like SET, IP UNIVERSITY etc.) is “the” most important section of the paper for two reasons: first, because of its weightage which is almost 25% of the paper and second, as a tie-breaker in CLAT (vital especially for borderline ranks!!). Other than this, it is also important because Legal Aptitude section (hereinafter LA) is the one which is the closest to what law actually is and it gives you a brief sense of what the legal course is going to be like in the law school. So, LA can be the one section that ‘you’ can use for the deciding whether you have the acumen in you or not to be a lawyer. But trust me it’s a skill which can be developed and sharpened, so don’t get disheartened if you are not scoring well in this section but are sure of doing law, it can be managed even now.

LA basically comprises Legal Reasoning and Legal Knowledge. The number of question in this section in CLAT is 50 within which the distribution for the sub-sections varies from year to year. But the trend (past year papers) has been in favor of reasoning based questions of late. But nonetheless, it is wise to prepare for legal knowledge as well just in case! And also because other law entrance exams do give a lot of importance to legal knowledge.

Legal Knowledge is basically that part where direct law based questions are asked, essentially it’s the GK of Law (another reason to prepare for it, it may help you in the GK section a lot!). So what you need to know in Legal Knowledge is legal maxims (also helpful in English section), good knowledge of Constitution (specially preamble, fundamental rights, duties and directive principles etc.), some landmark cases both current as well as old (like Kesavananda Bharathi), certain Acts (particularly the ones which have been in news in recent times), important amendments, some high profile judges and their contribution to the legal field (for example, Justice P.N. Bhagwati for PIL etc.), basic knowledge of hierarchy of Indian Judiciary, jurisdictions of courts etc. Don’t panic if you haven’t done anything or most of what is mentioned above because to be honest it can be covered in merely 8-10 hours at any given day (yes that’s possible)!! Even if takes more than that, it is still fine because by learning these facts you are preparing for both the GK as well as the Legal section (50% of the paper), so in any case it justifies the time and effort spent on it. Also, at the same time don’t try to go overboard and delve deep into a particular topic because the aim here is to solve maximum questions and not all! So, it’s important to select the information and channelize it in the right direction but within the time constraints (CLAT is less than 4 months away).

Now coming to Legal Reasoning, it has questions where you are given a set of facts and a legal principle. You will have to apply the principle to the facts and decide upon the outcome of the situation. This part is actually fun and is one which shows immediate results with a little effort! The best way to go for these questions is imagine yourself to be a judge (I know it’s fascinating!!) who is given a rule of law to apply (with no use of your own knowledge or beliefs) to come out with a decision. These legal principles (even if they are wrong, rely only on what’s written) will be primarily from areas like torts, contracts, criminal law and constitution, so the idea is to know these principles (best source is again past year papers because most of the principles are repeated every year) beforehand and practice them multiple times (Try solving at least 50 questions everyday within a time limit which is less than an hour). The aim here is to become so proficient with these principles that as soon as you look at the principle you know what it is (but still read it once to be sure). Reading these principles again and again and breaking them into parts will improve both your speed as well as accuracy in the paper. Also, in addition to taking regular mock tests and analyzing them, taking sectional tests can be really helpful in strengthening your grip over the section and mapping a strategy. Then it’s equally important to revise those questions regularly, both the ones you got correct and obviously the wrong ones too! Because this will prevent you from repeating the same mistakes and will increase your score substantially.

And here is the last tip for solving this section (Caution: use it only when you are confused between two similar options); always look for the option which is closest to the principle in reasoning as well as wordings. It works!!

Now finally, the last part is time management so, a good strategy (according to me, you can have your own) would be to allocate somewhere between 25-40 minutes for the entire section with; 15-20 seconds for direct questions and 40 – 60 seconds for reasoning questions with aiming for an accuracy of 90% and above to be able to make it to tier-1 law school (but the score as well as the time to a great extent varies with the level of difficulty of the paper too).

I think that’s all that is required for acing this section. Don’t worry it is an exciting section to deal with and with some amount of practice (of the sincere variety) you’ll be able to handle it well. Just keep an eye on the end result that you want to achieve and work smart because remember law is more of due diligence than intelligence.

Shreya Yadav

We have similar posts for other sections as well. Follow us and ensure that you do not miss a single post. Like our Facebook Page as well and help us grow. If you have any specific doubts, message us on Facebook or write to us at lawkeyforclat@gmail.com. To ace CLAT and increase your chances of getting into the top 3 law schools, click here.

Posted in Motivation, Study Material

Bust CLAT: Try not to mess it up.

Ah yes, it’s that time of the year! It’s unbelievably satisfying to watch students struggle through the next few months with the burden of CLAT coupled with the additional burden of the Boards. Anyway, since sadistic pleasure is not the point of this article, let me move on to its main purpose.

It is around end-Feb as I’m writing this and if your CLAT preparation is in full swing, then that’s great. If not, you might want to start soon and with a bit of intensive preparation, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t crack it. As you’d know (and if you don’t, you probably should), the CLAT paper is divided into five sections consisting of English, General Knowledge, Math, Legal Reasoning and Logical Reasoning. Continue reading “Bust CLAT: Try not to mess it up.”

Posted in Legal Aptitude, Study Material

Legal Reasoning- The Method in the Madness

Valentine’s Day just got over and Holi is right around the corner… While the world around you seems to be perennially drenched in showers of love and consumerism, you really can’t seem to look at it through those proverbial rose-tinted glasses. A voice, sinister and potent, keeps making snide remarks in the back of your mind. Sometimes the voice shouts out adulations; at other times, it calls out doom. Continue reading “Legal Reasoning- The Method in the Madness”

Posted in Get Inspired, Motivation, Study Material

30 Days to CLAT: Make it or Break it

Siddarth Chokkalingam (AIR 15 in CLAT 2016) provides the perfect strategy for these last 30 days to CLAT 2015.

As you read this article, you will realise that you have a little less than a month to prepare for the D Day: May 8, 2016. Don’t fret. Don’t panic. Don’t hyperventilate. Some of you might have prepared well over the past year. Some of you may just be picking up your course books for the first time. Either way, the crucial part which can swing your prep and results either way, is the last month. There are numerous success stories of students who really revved up their prep during the last month before CLAT to find themselves in the top four law schools of the country – the universities which many refer to as the Mecca of Law. The first thing which you need to do is to forget how well you have prepared before this. You have nearly 30 days before you now. You have the chance to decide how well you are going to utilise them. If you’re smart you’ll make productive use of these 700 hours and become a success story. Or else you will be one among the thousands who tried and failed. The choice is yours. Continue reading “30 Days to CLAT: Make it or Break it”

Posted in CLAT Material, Logical Reasoning, Study Material

Tackling Assumption Questions

“Assumptions are dangerous things to make, and like all dangerous things to make, if you make even the tiniest mistake you can find yourself in terrible trouble.”

This quote is in itself true to a large extent, but, when it comes to the critical reasoning section of the CLAT and other law entrance examinations, you should consider it to be the Gospel truth. You are most likely to find Assumption Questions in the form of a short paragraph followed by four assumptions, with you having to choose the assumption which is essential to make in order to reach the conclusion arrived at in the passage. They appear occasionally in the CLAT and are a regular in the AILET.

Continue reading “Tackling Assumption Questions”